Dr. Hugo Beltrami

Canada Research Chair in Climate Dynamics, Tier 1
Contact Information:
e: hbeltram@stfx.ca
ph: 1-902-867-2326


Etor Emanuel Lucio-Eceiza, Jesús Fidel González-Rouco,  Elena García-Bustamante, Jorge Navarro; Cristina Rojas-Labanda, Hugo Beltrami (2019) Summertime surface wind variability over Northeastern North America at multidecadal to centennial timescales via statistical downscaling.  Journal of Climate, Submitted.

Francisco José Cuesta-Valero, Almudena García-García, Hugo Beltrami, Eduardo Zorita, and Fernando Jaume-Santero (2018) Long-term Surface Temperature (LoST) Database as a complement for GCM preindustrial simulations. Climate of the Past, cp-2018-133, revision requested, under review.

Ignacio Hermoso de Mendoza, Hugo Beltrami, Andrew H. MacDougall, and Jean-Claude Mareschal (2018) Lower boundary conditions in Land Surface Models. Effects on the permafrost and the carbon pools: a case study with CLM 4.5. Geoscientific Model Development, gmd-2018-233, revision requested, under review.

Published (accepted, in press):


García‐García*, A., Cuesta‐Valero*, F. J., Beltrami, H., & Smerdon, J. E. ( 2019). Characterization of air and ground temperature relationships within the CMIP5 historical and future climate simulations. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 3903– 3929. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JD030117

Lucio-Eceiza, E.E., Jesús Fidel González-Rouco,  Elena García-Bustamante,  Jorge Navarro, & Hugo Beltrami (2018) Multidecadal to Centennial Surface Wintertime Wind Variability Over Northeastern North America via Statistical Downscaling, Clim Dyn (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s00382-018-4569-5.

Lucio-Eceiza*, E.E., J. Fidel González-Rouco, Jorge Navarro and Hugo Beltrami (2018) Quality Control of surface wind observations in North Eastern North America. Part I: Data Management Problems.J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 35, 163–182, https://doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-16-0204.1

Lucio-Eceiza*, E.E. , J. Fidel González-Rouco, Jorge Navarro, Hugo Beltrami, Ángela Hidalgo and Jorge Conte (2018) Quality Control of surface wind observations in North Eastern North America. Part II: Measurement Errors.  J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 35, 183–205, https://doi.org/10.1175/JTECH-D-16-0205.1.

Pickler*, C., E. Gurza Fausto*, H. Beltrami, J.-C. Mareschal, F. Suárez, A. Chacon-Oecklers*, N. Blin*, M. T. Cortes*, A. Montenegro, R. Harris, and A. Tassara (2018) Recent climate variations in Chile: constraints from borehole temperature profiles. Climate of the Past, accepted.

MacDougall, A.H.and H. Beltrami (2017) Impact of deforestation on subsurface temperature profiles: implications for the borehole paleoclimate record, Environ. Res. Lett. 12 (2017) 074014.

McPherson*, M. Y., A. García-García*, F. J. Cuesta-Valero*, H. Beltrami, P. Hansen-Ketchum, D. MacDougall, and N. Ogden (2017) Expansion of the Lyme Disease Vector Ixodes Scapularis in Canada inferred from CMIP5 Climate Projections, Environ Health Perspect; DOI:10.1289/EHP57.

Beltrami, H., G. S. Matharoo, J. E. Smerdon, L. Illanes*, and L. Tarasov (2017)  Impacts of the Last Glacial Cycle on Ground Surface Temperature Reconstructions over the Last Millennium, Geophys. Res. Lett., 43, doi:10.1002/2016GL071317.

Jaume-Santero*, F., C. Pickler*, H Beltrami, and J.C. Mareschal (2016) North American regional climate reconstruction from Ground Surface Temperature Histories, Clim. Past, 12, 2181-2194, doi:10.5194/cp-12-2181-2016, 2016. Highlighted paper

Pickler*, C., H. Beltrami, and J.C. Mareschal (2016) Climate trends in northern Ontario and Québec from borehole temperature profiles, Clim. Past, 12, 2215-2227, doi:10.5194/cp-12-2215-2016, 2016.

Cuesta-Valero* F.J., A. García-García*, H. Beltrami and J.E. Smerdon (2016). First Assessment of Continental Energy Storage in CMIP5 Simulations. Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (10),05326 - 5335, DOI: 10.1002/2016GL068496

Garcia-Garcia* A., F.J. Cuesta-Valero*, H. Beltrami and J.E. Smerdon (2016). Simulation of air and ground temperatures in PMIP3/CMIP5 last

millennium simulations: implications for climate reconstructions

from borehole temperature profiles,  Environmental Research Letters, 11 (2016) 044022 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/11/4/044022.

Fielding*, G., P. Hansen-Ketchum, D. MacDougall , H. Beltrami, D. Mombourquette, J. Dunn* and M. MacPherson* (2016) Climate Change Projections and Health Systems:  Evidence-informed Connections, OneHealth, 2, 152-154,  DOI:.1016/j.onehlt.2016.07.005.

Pickler*, C., H. Beltrami, and J.C. Mareschal (2016) Laurentide Ice Sheet basal temperatures during the last glacial cycle as inferred from borehole data, Climate of the Past, 12, 1-13, 2016, doi:10.5194/cp-12-1-2016.

Chacón* A., L. Sushama and H. Beltrami  (2016). Biophysical impacts of land use change over North America as simulated by the canadian regional climate model.  Atmosphere 7, 34; doi:10.3390/atmos7030034.

Longobardi*, P., A. Montenegro, H. Beltrami, and M. Eby (2016) Deforestation induced climate change: Effects of spatial scale. PLoS ONE 11(4): e0153357. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0153357

Jeong D.I., L. Sushama, G.T. Diro, M.N. Khaliq, H. Beltrami and D. Caya (2015) Projected changes to high temperature events for Canada based on a Regional Climate Model ensemble. Climate Dynamics, 10.1007/s00382-015-2: 1-18.

Myette*, A., L. Kellman and H. Beltrami (2015) In-situ mineral soil CO2 production processes: sensitivity to harvesting-induced changes in soil climate, PLOS-ONE. 10(8): e0134171.

Beltrami, H., G. Matharoo, and J.E. Smerdon (2015)  Impact of Borehole Depths on Reconstructed Estimates of Ground Surface Temperature Histories and Energy Storage. Journal of Geophysical Research - Earth Surface. 120(5): 763-778.

Beltrami, H., G. Matharoo and J.E. Smerdon, (2015) Ground surface temperature and continental heat gain in a warming climate: Uncertainties from underground, Environmental Research Letters,10, 014009, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/10/1/014009.

Beltrami, H.,  G. Matharoo, L. Tarasov, V. Rath, and J.E. Smerdon (2014)

Numerical studies on the Impact of the Last Glacial Cycle on recent borehole temperature profiles: implications for terrestrial energy balance. Clim. Past, 10, 1693-1706, 2014. Chosen as EGU Journal Highlight

Ortega*, P., Montoya, M., Gonzlez-Rouco, F., Beltrami, H., and Swingedouw, D. (2013), Variability of the ocean heat content during the last millennium – an assessment with the ECHO-g Model, Clim. Past, 9, 547-565, 2013,  doi:10.5194/cp-9-547-201.

Bekele, Asfaw, L. Kellman and H. Beltrami (2013) Plot level spatial variability of soil organic carbon, nitrogen, and their stable isotopic compositions in temperate managed forest soils of Atlantic Canada. Soil Science, August 2013 - Volume 178 - Issue 8 - p 400-416

Beltrami, H., J.E. Smerdon, G. Matharoo, and N. Nickerson* (2011) Impact of maximum borehole depths on inverted temperature histories in borehole paleoclimatology, Clim. Past, 7, 745-756, 2011.

Lesperance*, M., J. E. Smerdon, and H. Beltrami (2010), Propagation of linear surface air temperature trends into the terrestrial subsurface, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D21115, doi:10.1029/2010JD014377.

MacDougall*, A. H., H. Beltrami, J. F. González-Rouco, M. B. Stevens*, and E. Bourlon (2010) Comparison of observed and General Circulation Model derived continental subsurface heat flux in the Northern Hemisphere, J. Geophys. Res.,115, D12109, doi:10.1029/ 2009JD013170. Chosen as AGU Editor's Highlight.

Smerdon, J., H.Beltrami, C. Creelman* and M. B. Stevens* (2009) Characterizing land-surface processes: A quantitative analysis using air-ground thermal orbits, Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, D15102, doi:10.1029/2009JD011768.

J. F. Gonzalez-Rouco, H. Beltrami, E. Zorita, and M. B. Stevens* (2009) Borehole climatology: a discussion based on contributions from climate modeling, Climate of the Past, 5, 97-127, 2009.

Diochon*, A. L. Kellman and H. Beltrami (2009) Looking deeper:  an investigation of soil carbon losses following harvesting from a managed northeastern red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) forest chronosequence, Forest Ecology and Management, 257, 2, 31 January 2009, Pages 413-420, doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2008.09.015.

Risk, D., L Kellman, H. Beltrami and A. Diochon* (2008) In-situ incubations highlight the environmental constraints on  soil organic carbon decomposition. Environmental Research Letters, 3 (2008) 044004, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/3/4/044004.

MacDougall*, A.H., J. F. Gonzalez-Rouco , M. B. Stevens*, and H. Beltrami (2008) Quantification of subsurface heat storage in a GCM simulation, Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L13702, doi:10.1029/2008GL034639. Chosen as GRL and also as  AGU Journal Highlight.

Risk, D., L. Kellman and H.  Beltrami (2008) A new method for in-situ soil gas diffusivity measurement and applications in the monitoring of subsurface CO2. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, G02018, doi:10.1029/2007JG000445.

Stevens*, M. B., J. F. González-Rouco, and H. Beltrami (2008) North American climate of the last millennium: Underground temperatures and model comparison, Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, F01008,  doi:10.1029/2006JF000705.

Bense, V. and H. Beltrami (2007) The impact of horizontal groundwater flow and localized deforestation on the development of shallow temperature anomalies, Journal of Geophysical Research 112, F04015, doi:10.1029/2006JF000703.

Bekele, A., L. Kellman, and H. Beltrami (2007) Soil profile CO2 concentrations variations from forested and clear cut sites in Nova Scotia, Canada, Forest Ecology and Management, 242, 587-597, doi:10.1016/j.foreco.2007.01.088.

Stevens*, M. B., J. E. Smerdon, J. F. González-Rouco, M. Stieglitz, and H. Beltrami (2007), Effects of bottom boundary placement on subsurface heat storage: Implications for climate model simulations, Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L02702, doi:10.1029/2006GL028546.

Kellman, L., H. Beltrami, and D. Risk* (2007), Changes in seasonal soil respiration with pasture conversion to forest in Atlantic Canada , Biogeochemistry, doi:10.1007/s10533-006-9056-0.

Beltrami, H., J. F. González-Rouco, and M. B. Stevens*. (2006) Subsurface temperatures during the last millennium: Model and observation , Geophysical Research Letters,  Vol. 33, L09705, doi:10.1029/2006GL026050, 2006. Chosen as a GRL highlight., and also as AGU Journal Highlights.

Beltrami, H., E. Bourlon, L. Kellman, and J.F. González-Rouco. (2006) Spatial patterns of ground heat gain in the northern hemisphere, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 33, L06717, doi:10.1029/2006GL025676, 2006.

González-Rouco, J.F., H. Beltrami, E. Zorita, and H. von Storch. (2006) Simulation and inversion of borehole temperature profiles in surrogate climates: Spatial distribution and surface coupling, Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L01703, doi:10.1029/2005GL024693, 2006.

Ferguson, G. and H. Beltrami (2006) Transient Lateral Heat Flow due to Land-Use Changes, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 252, 217-222, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2005.12.001, 2006.

Ferguson, G., H. Beltrami and A. Woodbury (2006) Perturbation of Ground Surface Temperature Reconstructions by Groundwater Flow? Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L13708, doi:10.1029/2006GL026634.

Beltrami, H., G. Ferguson and R. N. Harris (2005). Long-term tracking of climate change by underground temperatures, Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L19707, doi:10.1029/2005GL023714, 2005.

Nitoiu*, D. and H. Beltrami (2005) Subsurface thermal effects of land-use changes, Journal of Geophysical Research, 110, F01005, 10:1029/2004JF000151, 2005.

J. Luterbacher, E. Xoplaki, C. Casty, H. Wanner, A. Pauling,  M.  Kü ttel, T. Rutishauser, S. Brönnimann, E. Fischer, D. Fleitmann, F. J. Gonzalez-Rouco, R. Garcia-Herrera, M. Barriendos, F. Rodrigo, J. C. Gonzalez-Hidalgo, M. A. Saz, L. Gimeno, P. Ribera, M. Brunet, H. Paeth, N. Rimbu, T. Felis, J. Jacobeit, A.  Dünkeloh, E. Zorita, J. Guiot, M. Türkes, M. J. Alcoforado, R. Trigo, D. Wheeler, S. Tett, M. E. Mann, R. Touchan, D. T. Shindell, S. Silenzi, P. Montagna,   D. Camuffo, A. Mariotti,T. Nanni, M. Brunetti, M.Maugeri, C. Zerefos, S. De Zolt, P. Lionello, V. Rath, and H. Beltrami,  Mediterranean Climate Variability Over the Last Centuries: A Review , in:  P. Lionello, P. Malanotte-Rizzoli, R. Boscolo (Eds.), The Mediterranean Climate: an Overview of the Main Characteristics and Issues, Elsevier, 2006

Lavallee, D. and H. Beltrami (2004) Stochastic modeling of climatic variability in dendrochronology. Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L15202 doi:10.1029/2004GL020263, 2004.

Beltrami, H. and E. Bourlon (2004) Ground warming patterns in the northern hemisphere during the last five centuries. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 227, 169-177, 2004.

Beltrami, H. and L. Kellman (2003). An examination of short and long term air-ground temperature coupling at sites subjected to strong seasonal variations, Global and Planetary Change, 38, 291-303.

Beltrami, H., C. Gosselin*, and J.C. Mareschal (2003). Ground surface temperatures in Canada: Spatial and temporal variability, Geophysical Research Letters, 30 (10), 10.1029/2003GL017144.

Risk, D., L. Kellman, and H. Beltrami (2002).  Soil CO2 production and surface flux at four climate observatories in eastern Canada, Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 16 (4), 1122, doi:10.1029/2001GB001831.

Beltrami, H. (2002) Climate from Borehole Data: Energy Fluxes and Temperatures since 1500, Geophysical Research Letters, 29 (23), 2111, doi:10.1029/2002GL015702, 2002. Chosen as aa AGU paper highlight.

Beltrami, H. (2002) Earth's Long-Term Memory, Science, 297, 206-207, DOI: 10.1126/science.1074027.

Risk*, D., L. Kellman, and H. Beltrami (2002). Carbon dioxide in soil profiles: Production and temperature dependency, Geophysical Research Letters, 29 (6), 1087, doi:10.1029/2001GL014002.

Beltrami, H., J. Smerdon, H. N. Pollack and S. Huang (2002). Continental heat gain in the global climate system. Geophysical Research Letters, 29 (8), 1167, doi:10.1029/2001GL014310. Chosen as an AGU paper highlight.

Beltrami, H. (2001). Surface Heat Flux Histories from Inversion of Geothermal Data: Energy Balance at the Earth Surface. J. Geophys. Res., 106, 21,979-21,994.

Beltrami, H. (2001). On the Relationship Between Ground Temperature Histories and Meteorological Records: A Report on the Pomquet Station.,Global and Planetary Change, 29, 327-352.

Beltrami, H. and R. N. Harris (2001). Inferences of Climate Change from Geothermal Data, Global and Planetary Change, 29-149-152.

Beltrami, H. and R. N. Harris (2001). (Editors) Special issue of journal Global and Planetary Change on Climate from Underground Temperatures, Global and Planetary Change, 29, 145-360.

Beltrami, H. (2001). Surface Heat Flux Histories from Geothermal Data: Inferences from Inversion, Geophysical Research Letters, 28, 655-658, 2001

Beltrami, H. (2001). Global ground surface temperature and heat flux histories from geothermal measurements: Inferences from inversion of the global dataset. Proceedings of the Global Warming and the Next Ice Age Conference American Meteorological Society and the Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society. Halifax, August, 2001.

Beltrami, H., J.F. Wang and R.L. Bras, (2000). Energy Balance at the Earth's Surface: Heat Flux History in Eastern Canada, Geophysical Research Letters, 27, 3385-3388, Chosen as an AGU paper highlight.

Beltrami, H., L. Cheng* and J.C. Mareschal (1997). Simultaneous Inversion of Borehole Temperature Data for Past Climate Determination, Geophysical Journal International, 129, 311-318.

Beltrami, H. (1996). Active Layer Distortion of Annual Air/Soil Thermal Orbits: Permafrost and Past Climates, Permafrost and Periglacial Processes, 7 , 101-110, 1996.

Beltrami, H., D.S. Chapman, S. Archambault* and Y. Bergeron (1995). Reconstruction of High Resolution Ground Temperature Histories Combining Dendrochronological and Geothermal Data, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 136, 437-445.

Beltrami, H. and J.C. Mareschal (1995). Resolution of Ground Temperature Histories Inverted from Borehole Temperature Data, Global and Planetary Change . 11, 57-70.

Beltrami, H. and Taylor, A. (1995). Records of Climatic Change in the Canadian Arctic: Towards Calibrating Oxygen Isotope Data with Geothermal Data. Global and Planetary Change, 11, 127-138.

Beltrami, H. and Chapman, D.S. (1994). Drilling for a Past Climate. New Scientist, 142, 36-40, April 23.

Beltrami, H. and Mareschal , J.C. (1993). Seismic Strange Attractor?. PAGEOPH, 141, 71-81.

Beltrami, H. and Mareschal, J. C. (1993). Ground Temperature Changes in Eastern Canada: Borehole Temperature Evidence Compared with Proxy Data. Terra Nova, 5, 21-28

Shen, P.Y., Wang, K., Beltrami, H. and Mareschal, J.C. (1992). A Comparative Study of Inverse Methods for Estimating Climatic Histories from Borehole Temperature Data. Global and Planetary Change, 98, 113-127.

Beltrami, H.,. Jessop, A. and Mareschal, J.C (1992). Ground Temperature Histories in Eastern and Central Canada from Geothermal Measurements. Global and Planetary Change, 98, 167-184.

Beltrami, H. and Mareschal, J.C. (1992) Ground Temperature Histories for Central and Eastern Canada from Geothermal Measurements: Little Ice Age Signature. Geophysical Research Letters, 19, 689-692.

Beck, A.E., Shen, P.Y., Beltrami, H., Mareschal, J.C., Safanda, J., Sebagenzi, S., Vasseur, G. and Wang, K. (1992) A Comparison of 5 different Analyses for Interpreting 5 Datasets. Global and Planetary Change, 98, 101-112.

Mareschal, J.C. and Beltrami, H. (1992) Evidence for Recent Warming from Perturbed Geothermal Gradients: Examples from eastern Canada. Climate Dynamics, 6, 135-143.

Beltrami H. and Mareschal, J.C. (1991). Recent Warming in Eastern Canada Inferred from Geothermal Measurements. Geophysical Research Letters, 18, 605-608.

Beltrami, H. and Chau, W.Y. (1986). Gravitational Radiation from the Collapse and Explosion of Rapidly Rotating, Homogeneous, Gaseous Ellipsoids Imbedded in Halos. Astrophysics and Space Science, 119, 353.

Beltrami, H. and Chau, W.Y. (1985). Analytical Results for the Properties of Gravitational Waves Emitted by a Large Class of Model Sources, Astrophysics and Space Science, 111, 335-354.